Water & Sanitation Across The Globe

Water is necessary for different tasks including cleaning, cooking, washing, growing different types of plants in homes as well as for industrial manufacturing and processing of different products. Water is therefore a necessity both commercially and in residential areas and is a key element in promoting economic growth and development. Without proper water distribution systems and channels, the livelihoods of all individuals would be adversely affected. What does the water distribution channel and systems look like in the United Kingdom, what is a dosing pot and why is it important in the distribution channel?

Water and Sanitation in the United Kingdom

The supply of water and the sanitation network in the United Kingdom is highly efficient compared to other countries across the globe. 100% of the population has access to clean water while improved sanitation services are accessible to 99% of the population. These figures are not only impressive but also irrefutable proof that universal water distribution within countries is an achievable goal.

This universal supply network in the UK has been enhanced by developing institutional agreements and arrangements between England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland. In addition to this, in England and Wales, the management of the supply network has been left to private entities which has greatly improved the efficiency and quality of services and which has ultimately led to universal reach across board. It is good to note that in Scotland the distribution is bestowed upon a public entity as is the case in Northern Ireland. This also shows that whether the supply network is run by a public or private entity, efficiency and universal reach is within reach.

But where does this water come from? The major source of water in the UK is ground water that contributes around 30% of all water distributed. Whenever it rain, water is collected in reservoirs or channelled into natural or artificial lakes from where it is treated and channelled into the distribution network in the UK when need arises.

Water Treatment in the UK and US

To ensure that the water distributed to citizens is safe for use, all water must undergo treatment before it is distributed. There are different treatment plants across the UK and the US. These are regulated by different Water Conservation regulations, Water Service Policies and Environmental Rules to promote sustainable use of resources. Once the water has been used in homes and industries, it is collected, retreated and released back into the environment as harmless as it was when it was first extracted.

The treatments plants and systems use dosing pots to release chemicals into the water at a controlled rate. The dosing pots can be used both for hot water systems as well as those that deal with chilled water. These are part of the measures that have been put in place to enhance the quality of tap water. The water treatment plants are also under constant scrutiny in order to ensure that the water channelled out is safe for the consumption of people and animals. Regular checks are carried out to ensure compliance with standards, policies and regulations.

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The water treatment process usually involves the removal of any solid contaminants before the soluble chemicals, pollutants and bacteria can be removed. This can be achieved through combination of different processes including chlorination, aeration, filtration, sedimentation, disinfection and so on. The processes may differ from one country to another due to such factors as the number of contaminants and the degree of contamination of the water.